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Bathroom Suites Taps Basins Heating Shower Cubicle Shower Boiler Bath Furniture Plumbing Toilet / Bidet

Q/ What does Back-To-Wall mean ?

Back To Wall Toilets

Back-To-Wall (BTW) describes a bathroom fixture that is fixed tightly to the surface of a supportive wall or item of furniture straight away behind it.

Q/ What does Corner-Fitting mean ?

Corner Baths

Corner-Fitting describes a bathroom suite specially designed to fit a corner space.

Q/ What does Close-Coupled mean ?

Closed Coupled Toilets

Close-Coupled is used to describe a style of toilet wherein the cistern attaches directly to the pan.

Q/ What does Semi-Recessed mean ?

Semi Recessed Basins

Semi-Recessed is used to describe a washbasin that hangs over the edge of the unit on which it sits.

Q/ What does Countertop mean ?

Countertop Basins

Countertop is used to describe a washbasin that sits on the surface of a vanity unit.

Q/ What does Wall-Hung mean ?

Wall Hung Basins

Wall-Hung is used to describe a bathroom suite that is supported by fixture to a load bearing wall.

Q/ What does W.C. mean ?

Toilets And Bidets

W.C. stands for ‘water closet’, but is more widely known as a toilet.

Q/ What is a 4-Piece Bathroom Suite ?


A 4-Piece Bathroom Suite is made up of 4 individual ceramic fixtures. These are the toilet cistern, toilet pan, wash basin and a pedestal.

Q/ What is a 5-Piece Bathroom Suite ?

5-Piece Bathroom Suite

A 5-Piece Bathroom Suite is consists of 5 individual ceramic fixtures. These are the toilet cistern, toilet pan, wash basin, pedestal and a bidet.

Q/ What is a Cloakroom Suite ?

Cloakroom Suite

A Cloakroom Suite is smaller than an average bathroom suite, comprising of a sink and toilet.

Q/ What is a Full-Pedestal ?

Basin Pedestal

A Full-Pedestal is the name given to the stand that supports a washbasin by sitting vertically on the bathroom's floor.

Q/ What is a Semi-Pedestal ?


A Semi-Pedestal is the name given to the half-sized stand that supports a washbasin by attaching to a wall.

Q/ What is a Push-Button Flush ?

Push Button Flush

A Push-Button Flush is the pushable fitting that controls a toilets flushing mechanism.

Q/ What is a Bath Shower Mixer ?

Bath Shower Mixer

A Bath Shower Mixer works equally well as a bath mixer and a shower, with water distributed through either the tap or shower outlets.

Q/ What is a Bridge ?

Bridge Taps

A Bridge is the horizontal connection between the hot and cold water taps

Q/ What is an Aerator ?

Tap Aerator

It’s that part of the faucet which makes the water flow smooth by injecting air in water.

Q/ What is Anti-vandal ?

Anti Vendal Taps

A surface that is resistant to scratches and staining.

Q/ What is a Basin mixer ?

Basin Mixer Tap

the term is usually reserved for a basin tap which mixes both hot and cold water within its domain and delivers mixed water through a single spout unlike two individual taps dedicated for hot and cold water.

Q/ What is a Bath filler/shower mixer ?

Bath Filler Tap

the filler-mixer is a used for bathtubs and functions on the principle of mixing hot and cold water with the help of individual controls within its domain and delivering it through a single spout. In case of a shower mixer a shower hose with a spray head is attached additionally other facets being the same as a filler-mixer.

Q/ What is a Brassware ?

Bathroom Taps

generic term used to address bathroom fixtures such as taps and shower mixers that are usually made of brass metal

Q/ What is a Ceramic Disc Technology ?

Ceramic Disk Cartridge

involves the planting of ceramic cartridges or discs in a tap’s mechanism to eliminate dripping and have a robust flow system with better control over its functioning.

Q/ What is a Mixer taps ?

Mixer Taps

these taps have a single spout wherein hot and cold water are blended if it’s a single flow type or alternatively the blending happens as the water leaves the spout in case of dual flow. The controls are sometimes dual or even single lever operated but the spout remains distinctly singular.

Q/ What is a Monobloc mixer ?

Monobloc Mixer Taps

fabricated with individual or separate controls for hot and cold water with a single point or mono bloc installation; the hot and cold water are mixed and delivered through its single spout.

Q/ What is a Deck Mount ?

Deck Mounted Taps

to be mounted on a deck or a platform or a countertop, many taps are manufactured to deck mount settings.

Q/ What is a Dual Control ?

Dual Control Taps

means the presence of two individual levers for controlling temperature changes and making flow adjustments.

Q/ What is a Dual flow ?

Dual Flow Taps

this is an arrangement for hot and cold water to be fed separately in to the tap and the two streams of flow remain unmixed inside the tap blending only when they are outside.

Q/ What is a Flow regulator ?

Flow Regulator

it essentially limits the flow rate in a shower apparatus or a faucet and tempers excessive fluctuations and helps reach a steady flow.

Q/ What is a Flow restrictor ?

Flow Restrictor

Unlike the regulator the restrictor is capable of only curbing high flow rates and does not have a bearing on fluctuations caused by varying pressure

Q/ What is a Flow straigtner ?

Flow Straigtner

reduces turbulence and swirl in the water flow.

Q/ What is a HP ?

High Pressure

High Pressure is an indication of the apparatus’ compatibility with high pressure water systems.

Q/ What is a Lever ?

Tap Handle

is a handle, used to operate a device.

Q/ What is a Pillar Taps ?

Pillar Taps

a set of two taps , each dedicated for hot and cold water, the underlying pattern in its diverse manifestations represents a pillar hence its body is taller than ordinary faucets.

Q/ What is Quarter turn taps ?

Quarter Turn Taps

operating these taps is almost effortless, the tap can be turned on and off at rotating the lever at 90 degrees.

Q/ What is Single lever control ?

Single Lever Control Tap

has two functions infused in it—namely, control over the flow of water and maneuvering temperature changes.

Q/ What is Swivel Spout/Jets ?

Swivel Spout

the respective apparatus is engineered with the ability to move sideways or at certain angles which help them cover greater area than would be possible in a stationary position.

Q/ What is Three-hole basin mixer tap ?

Three Hole Basin Mixer Tap

the set consist of two individual levers for hot and cold water and a common spout thus requiring three holes for its installation.

Q/ What is WRAS ?

WRAS Approved

Water Regulatory Advisory Scheme is a board which declares a product’s suitability for domestic use and grants an approval on meeting standards concerning water consumption levels and the issues related to health and safety.

Q/ What is BS5412 ?

BS5412 Standard

it is a specification and standard for manufacturing low resistance single taps deemed suitable for low pressure water systems.

Q/ What is a Backsplash ?

Backsplash For Vanity Unit

It’s an extension of the bathroom vanity unit generally made of stone or glass with the intention of preventing the water from the basin splashing on to the wall immediately behind the basin.

Q/ What is a Bottle trap ?

Bottle Trap

integrated into the wash basin’s plumbing, a bottle trap prevents waste gases in the drainage from returning to our bathroom.

Q/ What is Drop-in basin ?

Drop-in Basin

these basins can be directly installed on a countertop as its rim is designed or fabricated to stay on top of the counter while the basin slips into the cavity below the counter, ideal as retrofits.

Q/ What is No-holes ?

No Tapholes

ceramic-ware supplied without holes drilled into them for the sake of customization.

Q/ What is a Pedestal ?


it supports the wash basin from the base of the floor and eliminates the needs for wall mounting the basin. Additionally, it enhances the aesthetics of the basin.

Q/ What is Self rimming ?

Self Rimming For Basin

is a property attached to special sinks that are made to fit countertops by easily mounting over them.

Q/ What is Semi-recessed basin ?

Semi Recessed Basin

is a basin that would partly protrude and partly fit into the vanity top of your bathroom, it can also be wall-mounted as a space saving initiative.

Q/ What is Undercounter sink ?

Undercounter Basins

is a type of sink which is mounted underneath the countertop, it offers the advantage of easy cleaning.

Q/ What is Vitreous china finish ?

Vitreous China Basin

it is a compound of glass and silica based materials which is applied as coat on porcelain products such as WC pans , baths and basins to protect them from scratches and stains as an anti-vandal measure.

Q/ What is Inset sink ?

Inset Basins

is designed to fit with countertops that are fabricated with an accommodating cut. The rim of this sink holds firmly onto the counter.

Q/ What is AFUE ?

AFUE - Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency

stands for Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency. It’s a rating given to a product if it’s able to absorb and utilize 90 percent of the fuel and effectively convert it into heating for your homes.

Q/ What is BTU ?

BTU - British Thermal Unit

stands for British Thermal Unit, each unit measures the amount of energy used to heat or cool one pound of water by 1 degree Fahrenheit

Q/ What is Low-E ?

Low Emissive Heating

Low Emissive possess the quality of reflecting heat that helps keeps a place cold during summers and warm during winters.

Q/ What is Radiator ?

Heating Radiators

does the job of radiating heat in a room which it receives from a boiler which happens to be its heating source and of the central heating system.

Q/ What is Radiator valve ?

Radiator Valve

is a device to regulate the flow of hot water in a central heating system which runs on hot water to areas in need of heating, this procedure is self-regulating in case of thermostatic radiator valves.

Q/ What is Radiator bleed valve ?

Radiator bleed valve

used to manually vent the excess air or air locks out of the radiators which hamper the flow of hot water.

Q/ What is Towel Rail ?

Heated Towel Rail

It is a metal rail attached to the wall for hanging towels the heated version called Heated Towel Rail is used often to dry towels and also preventing the bathroom from getting damp.

Q/ What is BS EN 442 ?

British and European specification

a British and European specification and requirement for materials used in radiator manufacturing.

Q/ What is Heat recovery ventilator ?

Heat recovery ventilator

it retains heat in the room on the principle of heat exchange between inbound and outbound airflow.

Q/ What is Safety Glass ?

Safety Glass

Safety Glass is manufactured to be substantially thicker than standard glass, increasing both stability and user safety.

Q/ What is Patterned Glass ?

Patterned Glass

Patterned Glass is manufactured with a repeating shape on the interior that further increases privacy.

Q/ What is Frameless Glass ?

Frameless Glass

Frameless Glass describes a cubicle, door, screen or panel that utilises a minimal amount of metal or plastic to keep the glass in place.

Q/ What is Framed Glass ?

Framed Glass Shower Enclosures

Framed Glass describes a cubicle, door, screen or panel featuring glass mounted inside a metallic or plastic outer frame.

Q/ What is an Offset Quadrant Shower Cubicle ?

Offset Quadrant Shower Enclosures

An Offset Quadrant Shower Cubicle is predominantly rectangular in shape, but features an angled corner at one end.

Q/ What is Inset Shower Tray ?

Shower Tray

An Inset Shower Tray is a thin tray suitable for installation either inside or upon the bathroom floor.

Q/ What is an In-Line Shower Panel ?

Shower Panel

An In-Line Shower Panel attaches to a shower door in order to increase the size of the cubicle.

Q/ What is an End Panel ?

Shower End Panel

An End Panel is a supplementary glass panel that contains shower water in the absence of a side wall.

Q/ What is an Adjustable Shower Tray ?

Adjustable Shower Tray

An Adjustable Shower Tray is supplied with changeable feet, enabling the user to choose the height at which the tray stands and to allow room for plumbing.

Q/ What is a Square Shower Cubicle ?

Square Shower Enclosure

A Square Shower Cubicle is an enclosure that fits a square area in the bathroom, generally comprising a door and a minimum of 1 side panel.

Q/ What is a Slider Door ?

Slider Door Enclosures

A Slider Door operates by running along a guide track in order to allow access and is generally used in rectangular cubicles.

Q/ What is a Side Panel ?

Side Panel For Shower Enclosure

A Side Panel is a screen that attaches to a shower door at 90° to prevent leakage wherever a side wall isn't present.

Q/ What is a Shower Tray ?

Shower Tray

A Shower Tray is the standing area at the base of the shower cubicle, featuring a waste to release excess water.

Q/ What is a Shower Screen ?

Shower Screen

A Shower Screen is positioned on the perimeter of a bath in order to prevent shower water escaping.

Q/ What is a Rectangular Shower Cubicle ?

Rectangular Shower Enclosures

A Rectangular Shower Cubicle is an enclosure that fits a rectangular area in the bathroom, generally comprising a door and a minimum of 1 side panel.

Q/ What is a Quadrant Shower Cubicle ?

Quadrant Shower Enclosures

A Quadrant Shower Cubicle is quarter circular in shape and designed to fit in to a corner space.

Q/ What is a Pivot Shower Door ?

Pivot Door Shower Enclosures

A Pivot Shower Door revolves on pins that are positioned at the top and bottom of the frame, providing a wider entrance.

Q/ What is a Pentagon Shower Cubicle ?

Pentagon Shower Enclosures

A Pentagon Shower Cubicle is triangular in shape with 5 individual glass surfaces and designed specifically to fit inside a corner area.

Q/ What is a Neo-Angle Shower Cubicle ?

Neo-Angle Shower Enclosures

A Neo-Angle Shower Cubicle is constructed from a central door with adjoining panels fitted at angles on both sides.

Q/ What is a Hinged Shower Door ?

Hinged Door Shower Enclosures

A Hinged Shower Door swings open by utilising metallic side hinges.

Q/ What is a Floor-Standing Shower Tray ?

Floor Standing Shower Tray

A Floor-Standing Shower Tray sits directly on the bathroom floor, but needs space below for plumbing and drainage.

Q/ What is a Corner-Entry Shower Cubicle ?

Corner Entry Shower Enclosures

A Corner-Entry Shower Cubicle features 2 sliding doors that open from a corner point.

Q/ What is a Bi-Fold Shower Door ?

Bi-Fold Shower Enclosures

A Bi-Fold Shower Door operates by bending in the centre. Whilst one end remains in a fixed position, the other runs along a track allowing access.

Q/ What does Reversible mean ?

Reversible Shower Enclosures

Reversible describes a shower door or panel that is suitable for use when rotated or turned upside down.

Q/ What does Adjustment mean ?

Adjustment For Shower Door

Adjustment describes the capability of a shower cubicle to fractionally increase or decrease in size to fit a given space.

Q/ What is Anti-vandal ?

Anti-Vandal Surface

A surface that is resistant to scratches and staining.

Q/ What is a Bar ?

Measuring unit to check water pressure

a measuring unit used to check water pressure whereby 1 Bar equals the pressure of a 10 meter high column of water.

Q/ What is Digital Shower ?

Digital Shower

is an electronically controlled unit that offers thermostatic control over water temperature which includes mixing and programming pre-sets for safety.

Q/ What is Manual Shower Mixer ?

Manual Shower Mixer

the control is in the hands of the user to mix hot water and cold water according to their preference.

Q/ What is a Diverter ?

Diverter For Shower

a device within a shower system that helps channelize or direct the flow to desired outlets.

Q/ What is Check Valve ?

Check Valve

a valve that restricts the flow of water in the reverse unwanted direction.

Q/ What is Cross flow ?

Cross flow

is a scenario where water starts to flow from one side of the mixing valve to another that could lead to water contamination.

Q/ What is Damper ?

Damper Valve

a valve used to facilitate the opening and shutting of an air flow

Q/ What is Diverter Valve ?

Diverter Valve

lets you divert the water flow to different outlets and allows you to control those one at a time.

Q/ What is Escutcheon ?


A metal covering commonly seen around key holes, light switches is also used in bathrooms for shower valves , faucets and showerheads.

Q/ What is Eco-friendly ?


same an environment friendly which means having a low level impact on the use of natural resources.

Q/ What is Flow rate ?

Flow rate

amount of water delivered by an in unit measurement (usually in liters) per minute

Q/ What is Float operated valve ?

Float operated valve

an integral part of the shower valve used in asserting control over the water flow into a cistern/tank

Q/ What is Handset ?

Shower Handset

allows us the freedom to hold the showerhead in our hand which is connected to a hose for flexibility of movement.

Q/ What is KW ?

Kilo Watt

stands for Kilo Watt which equals one thousand watts.

Q/ What is Non-return valve ?

Non-return valve

this device arrests the possibility of back flow which leads to water contamination.

Q/ What is Phased Shut down ?

Phased Shut down

unlike instant shut down the phased type waits for the hot water to be completely removed from the shower system and continues to run cold water for a few moments even after you have switched the electric shower off, to ensure non-accumulation of lime-scale deposits.

Q/ What is Power Shower ?

Power Showers

This particular shower is fitted with a water pump which increases the pressure of the water flowing into shower, beneficial for gravity fed water systems that are unable to generate enough pressure.

Q/ What is Riser Rail ?

Riser Rail For Shower

This rail supports the showerhead and shower hoses and is fitted with a slider that is instrumental in bringing flexibility for height adjustments.

Q/ What is Sequential control ?

Sequential control knob

is a control knob that has the rise in temperature triggers arranged in a progressive sequence where as you turn the knob higher the water temperature gets hotter.

Q/ What is Shower head ?

Shower Head

spray patterns and their mechanism are embedded in the shower head.

Q/ What is Shower Panel Towers ?

Wall Mounted Shower Unit

A wall-mounted shower unit embedded with multiple or few jets and are also available with thermostat controls.

Q/ What is Slide Rail ?

SHower Slide Rail

is another term for riser rail.

Q/ What is Stop Cock ?

Stop Cock Valve

it is a valve used to regulate the flow of fluids and gases being carried in pipes.

Q/ What is Telescopic shower rods ?

Telescopic shower rods

these are extendable in length. The unique screw action at the end of the buffer creates fixes the rod by suction mechanism into the wall which results in a simple and a hassle free installation.

Q/ What is Thermostatic Mixer Showers ?

Thermostatic Showers

these showers mix hot and cold water and the temperature is monitored and maintained by thermostat settings ensuring safety against scalding.

Q/ What is TMV ?

Thermostatic Mixing Valves

stands for Thermostatic Mixing Valves, these apart from blending hot and cold water shut the appliance at 43 degree Celsius as a preventive measure against scalding. A certification known as TMV2—for domestic environments.

Q/ What is TMV3 ?

TMV3 Awarded

for high risk areas such as hospitals is awarded by Buildcert to those brands who manufacture their valves to safety standards recommended by Buildcert.

Q/ What is Valve ?

Shower Valves

is an internal component of any tap that controls its flow mechanism.

Q/ What is Isolating valve ?

Isolating valve

is a device that stops the water flow toward an outlet or in a particular room while keeping other water outlets in use.

Q/ What is Combination Boiler ?

Combination Boiler

plays a pivotal role in central heating and providing hot water for domestic use eliminating the need for a water cistern to store hot as well a separate feed tank for cold water by providing instant heating.

Q/ What is Boiler ?


heats water for the central heating system as well as domestic use in the kitchen and bathroom.

Q/ What is Flue ?


is a pipe or a duct that facilitates the gases from a fire place and furnaces to travel outwards through its exhaust system.

Q/ What is Acrylic Bath ?

Acrylic Bath

A bathtub made from acrylic sheet which is subsequently insulated with Glass Reinforced Polyester for added toughness.

Q/ What is Bath feet ?

Bath feet

these offer support to standalone bathtubs made of acrylic and cast iron; the feet are also made from either brass or cast iron in most cases.

Q/ What is Adjustable feet ?

Adjustable Bath Feet

Used for leveling, especially in case of bathtubs and when they are installed this accessory is imperative.

Q/ What is Anti-microbial finish ?

Anti-microbial finish

A layer of material applied to the surface of a ceramic-ware or glass panels to restrict or prevent the growth and breeding of germs, bacteria and other microorganisms.

Q/ What is Chromo-therapy ?


a therapy involving the use of coloured lights in a particular order to cause relaxation.

Q/ What is Corner Bath ?

Corner Bath

Specially designed baths that fit in a corner that features a bowed front and two identical sides.

Q/ What is Cast Iron bath ?

Cast Iron bath

the structure is essentially made of iron and covered with porcelain.

Q/ What is Offset corner bath ?

Corner Bath

This design is intended for corner installation with one side longer than the other, this unevenness gives it the offset character.

Q/ What is Cast Acrylic ?

Cast Acrylic Bath

often used in making baths and shower bases/trays is preferred for its durability and light weight.

Q/ What is Baseboard ?


a wooden plank affixed to the bottom-surface of an acrylic bath in order to bolster it with this reinforcement.

Q/ What is Enamel ?

Enamel Coating

a coat of glass-like material applied to steel and cast iron baths to protect from staining and scratches and add durability.

Q/ What is End Panels ?

Bath End Panel

used to cover the sides of a bath tub and in kitchen furniture cases to complete a cabinet.

Q/ What is GRP ?

Glass Reinforced Polyester

Glass Reinforced Polyester are sheets made of fiber glass affixed underneath acrylic baths to add additional endurance capacity and sturdiness.

Q/ What is Glaze ?

Glaze Finish

a thin glass-like water-resistant coating made of an amalgam containing vitreous substance to protect ceramic ware from scratches and staining.

Q/ What is Hydrotherapy ?


the practice of treating body ailments by water

Q/ What is Leg set ?

Bath Leg set

the frame of an acrylic bath is laid to rest on these which are made from steel with adjustable feet.

Q/ What is Panel ?

Bath Panel

flat surfaced fixture used both for aesthetic and functional reasons as front end panels with baths and other units of a bathroom suite.

Q/ What is Roll Top ?

Roll Top Bath

a roll top bath is the traditional bathtub design of a freestanding cast iron bath.

Q/ What is Shower bath ?

Shower bath

is a bath designed to provide extra space when one chooses to have a shower inside it.

Q/ What is Tap holes ?


these are holes drilled to fit taps , the number of holes depend on the set configuration which may call from a single hole to even three tap-hole requirements.

Q/ What is Variable directional eyeball ?

Bath Variable directional eyeball

Found in whirlpool baths, these fittings are used to direct the flow of water and consist of spherical exteriors so they can be turned to different angles within a spherical seat in which they are held by a retainer ring.

Q/ What is Whirlpool bath ?

Whirlpool bath

is a bathtub with jets sprays planted at its base and sides to swirl the water and simulate a massaging effect with swift changes in water pressure all of which can be programmed and controlled by the user.

Q/ What is EN 198:2008 ?

EN 198:2008 European Standard

European Standard for using cross-linked cast acrylic sheet appropriate for domestic use, the standard further checks for surface defects such a cracks or colour inconsistency and waste outlet hole provision apart from the material requirement.

Q/ What is Fascia Panel ?

Fascia Panel

a flat panel used to make bathroom cabinets or WC furniture.

Q/ What is Freestanding ?

Freestanding Unit

a freestanding unit can be placed anywhere in the bathroom as it need not be wall or deck mounted.

Q/ What is Knob ?

Door Knob

a gripping device attached to doors and many bathroom appliances used to access control.

Q/ What is Knotting glue ?

Knotting glue

a varnish made from shellac applied on wood to impart luster and a protective layer.

Q/ What is Laminate worktop ?

Laminate worktop

a work top for the kitchen made from an amalgam of wooden layers bound by plastic and other material.

Q/ What is Lipping ?


a strip of wooden frame applied to the sides and edges of a wooden board.

Q/ What is Medicine Cabinet ?

Medicine Cabinet

is a storage cabinet for toiletries

Q/ What is Modular Bathroom Furniture. ?

Modular Bathroom Furniture

an entire suite is designed with a modular approach whereby the units are individual components suited for easy arrangement with the added flexibility to interchange their positions to serve functional goals.

Q/ What is Overlay ?

Overlay Panel

a panel fairly ornate is affixed on the cabinets.

Q/ What is Open Shelf Unit ?

Open Shelf Unit

these units are meant for storage purposes made without doors.

Q/ What is Pre-cut ?


means a vanity countertop pre-fabricated to contain a drop-in-sink.

Q/ What is Rigid furniture ?

Rigid furniture

is pre-fabricated , no need for assembling, ready to install.

Q/ What is Tall boy ?

Tall boy unit

the term is intended for taps and furniture alike that has a tall body or structure.

Q/ What is Vanity top ?

Vanity top

is a unit that combines a wash basin with a work top, either a built-in storage cabinet or a pedestal is usually forming the base of the unit.

Q/ What is Vanity console ?

Vanity console

is a cabinet that forms the base of the vanity unit which offers storage area.

Q/ What is Veneer ?


is a thin wooden sheet that is applied to furniture items as a protective layer and embellishment.

Q/ What is Joist ?


a beam made of wood or metal instrumental in providing structural support.

Q/ What is Airlock ?


an air bubble trapped inside a pipe leading to blockage generally attributed to bad plumbing or a layout which causes air trapping.

Q/ What is Copper tail pipes ?

Copper tail pipes

these pipes help stabilize the water flow.

Q/ What is Gravity fed ?

Gravity fed

refers to water systems that do not have high pressure connections and usually have water stored in a tank which is stored at a height and works on the gravity pull principle.

Q/ What is Back-siphonage ?


it’s a case of water backflow as a result of siphonage from an apparatus into the pipe that feeds it.

Q/ What is Double check valve ?

Double check valve

two valves are consecutively placed to arrest or stop reverse siphonage.

Q/ What is Knurled ?


grooves found on nuts that are attached to shower hoses and knobs which help with gripping.

Q/ What is Membrane ?


is used as one of the components in waterproofing a wet area; it is an integral unit of a tanking kit.

Q/ What is Overflow Drain/Waste ?

Overflow Drain

Pre-drilled hole in a basin to hasten the draining process especially when the basin in heavily filled and an overflow needs to be avoided.

Q/ What is Plinth ?


it can be made to appear as a column which functions like a pedestal, it can also take the form of a base block that is able to conceal plumbing work.

Q/ What is Pop-up waste ?

Pop-up waste

is a drain-plug which is highly effective in preventing drain clogging.

Q/ What is PTFE ?


a tape used to secure threaded plumbing (Poly Tetra Fluoro Ethylene)

Q/ What is Reducer ?


a useful accessory used in joining pipes of different sizes.

Q/ What is P-trap ?


is that section of the draining pipe where the sewer gases are trapped and not allowed to return to surface.

Q/ What is Dual Flush ?

Dual Flush

seen as a key feature in eco-friendly toilets , dual flush has two settings whereby a person can conserve water by choosing the option which uses lesser amounts of water to flush.

Q/ What is One piece toilet/WC ?

One piece toilet

The entire structure is built from a uniform material such as porcelain hence the name one piece.

Q/ What is Bidet ?


meant for cleansing the perennial and genital areas.

Q/ What is Close-Coupled ?

Close Coupled Toilet

this is a toilet where a cistern or a tank is attached to the WC pan and they both are treated as one unit, the tank comes with a cover.

Q/ What is Cistern ?


a water tank connected to and used for the purpose of flushing the toilet. There are larger cisterns which are used for other domestic purposes.

Q/ What is Concealed trapway ?

Concealed trapway

the channel used for flushing purposes in toilets and in urinals, modern designs incorporate the use of concealed arrangements which are efficient and have better aesthetic appeal.

Q/ What is Front access cistern ?

Front access cistern

these are toilet cisterns which can be opened from the front in order to check their mechanism.

Q/ What is Flushing device ?

Flushing device

helps the flushing mechanism to execute its function integral to a WC cistern tank.

Q/ What is GPF ?

Gallons Per Flush

Gallons Per Flush is indicative of the amount of water consumed in a single flush as a measure to check efficiency on water consumption.

Q/ What is Horizontal Outlet ?

WC Horizontal Outlet

is a WC outlet with a straight horizontal design.

Q/ What is Overflow tube ?

Overflow tube

it saves the water cistern attached to the WC from overflowing in the event of a malfunction.

Q/ What is Push Button Flush Valve ?

Push Button Flush Valve

water from the cistern tank is flushed into the WC pan at the mere push of a button.

Q/ What is Rim ?

WC Rim

used to describe the flow arrangement devised to flush the WC pans—where either the water is guided through or under the rim depending on the type of rim used.

Q/ What is Rimless ?

Rimless Toilet

this is a type of WC pan in which the water does not travel the rim but is sprayed with jets created within the WC pan.

Q/ What is Round Front Bowl ?

Round Front Bowl

is a toilet bowl which is shorter in length than the elongated bowl considered better for smaller bathrooms, with prescribed dimensions of 14 inches in width and 16 and a half inches in length.

Q/ What is Syphon ?


is a mechanism which helps water from a higher altitude to be brought down to a lower one. This principle is applied in cistern tanks to flush WC pans and even gravity fed water systems.

Q/ What is Wall Hung WC ?

Wall Hung WC

the cistern is not visible and the pan is wall mounted.

Q/ What is Water Closet ?

Water Closet

is a term which comprehensively covers a toilet bowl and a water tank attached to it encompassing even the area associated with it.