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Animals
And Their Dropping!

Unlike other bodily processes, “pooping” is rarely written about or discussed, except some discrete mentions in funny anecdotes. However, the reality is that all humans and animals both poop; while humans use a set-up called as the toilet, animals follow natural instincts and use the great wilderness. While human excreta ends up in sewages, animal poop seems to simply vanish off the earth. Let's understand some facts about animal excretion and animal behaviour. Animals poop according to their body weight and size, so understandably, larger mammals like Elephants and Rhinos poop more than smaller animals like rabbits and goats.

Elephant

How much do elephants poop? An adult African elephant can produce up to 300 pounds of dung each day! The reason is their mostly herbivorous diet of leafy, fibrous foods that passes right out of the body. An Indian company makes paper products from elephant dung. Elephant dung is also used to produce some incredibly flavourful and expensive coffee, called Black Ivory Coffee.

Facts
300 Pound Of Dung Each Day
Paper From Elephant Dung
Black Ivory Coffee From Elephant Dung

Butterfly

Don’t we all love these tiny colourful insects called Butterflies? These beauties thrive on nectar from flowers and almost expel it out from their bodies. As they suck liquid nectar from flowers, their poop is a mist of liquid when it overdoes the intake! This liquid is almost unadulterated water.

Facts
Butterfly Poop is almost unadulterated water

Cow

A cow produces 65 lbs. of dung or manure daily, pooping about 15 times a day, that’s about 12 tons in a year. For centuries, farming communities across Asia and Africa have been using cow dung for many beneficial purposes. It is one of the best available natural fertilisers and has made a comeback in recent years with growing demand for everything organic. Cow dung is also used to produce biogas, which is a cheap source of energy. Cow dung, is also a natural disinfectant, with anti-bacterial properties.

Unusually, it also finds innovative uses such as the New York fashion week. A New York designer showcased a collection of clothes made from cow dung. Cow dung suit anyone?

Facts
12 Tons Cow Dung In A Year
Used As Natural Fertilisers
Also Used To Produce Bio Gas

Rhino

Rhinos excrete a generous 20 kgs of poop every day and use it as a communication tool. The smell of a male rhino is different from a female or a baby. These animals use poop to mark their territory and also keep out unwelcome visitors. This is called Dung-showering!! In dung showering, the animals shoot copious amounts of dung and urine from their rear ends and then fan their behinds to scatter it around. Some females dung shower to show submission.

Facts
20 Kg Of Poop Every Day
Poop Used As Communication Tool

Whale / Dolphins

Sea mammals like whales and dolphins come up to the water surface to poop as when they are diving in deep sea they have to focus on other activities. The whale poop may be liquid or sometimes solid, coming out as an almost liquid form of faecal matter (often in a plume-like cloud) and is light enough to float across the top of the ocean. Whales poop is earth-friendly and essential for a healthy environment as various forms of marine life such as phytoplankton thrive on whale poop as a source of nutrition.


Mouse

Almost everyone dreads mice infestations as these can be highly destructive and carry a number of diseases. If you want to know if your home has been invaded by mice, just look out for their scat. A small mouse can produce thousands of droppings in a short period. Adult mice can defecate anywhere from 0.009 ounces to 0.03 ounces or from 0.25 grams to 1 gram a day. Mice poop in a straight line because they move close to walls or corners in homes where they live.


Panda

Giant Panda also poops quite a bit, but their poop doesn’t stink as they feed on a leafy diet of Bamboo leaves. So, their excrement smells like bamboo & dirt. However, panda bears are a special case. Their digestive tract doesn’t utilize bamboo fully, and most of what they ate is also excreted out along with the poop. Micro-organisms found in the feces break down the plant material in grass, corn stalks, and wood chips, and if conditions allow convert it to simple sugars. Thus, panda poop could easily be used to make biofuel.

Facts
Panda Poop Could Be Used To make Biofuel

Camel

Camels produce small pellets of poop, each pellet about the size of a chicken egg. The excrement is dry due as it lives in extremely dry conditions, and can be burnt to create fuel for cooking, without having to dry it out. Natives of the Middle East and Africa use camel dung as cooking fuel which is slow burning and smokeless. Fresh camel dung contains beneficial bacteria called the Bacillus subtilis that helps digestion and get rid of disease bacteria. It is used as a recipe for dysentery by inhabitants of desert regions.


Goats

Goats poop 7-10 times a day. Unlike llamas and horses, which typically go to certain places for the deed, goats poop everywhere. Goat dropping does not attract flies or breed maggots and doesn’t really smell! Goat dropping make a perfect starter compost as it can be used in nearly any type of garden without having to wait for a “breaking down” compost period. Fruit trees, flowering plants, herbs, vegetables, and ornamental landscaping plants, all of these will benefit from the nutrition provided by goat poop.

Argan oil that is widely used in countries for healthy hair is produced from Goat excreta. In Morocco, the excrement of goats that feed on the fruit of Argan tree is collected. The leftover seeds from the goat droppings are picked and pressed to produce Argan oil. Argan oil is a well-known treatment for hair loss, smooth, and shiny locks. However, on the downside, the unchecked feeding of goats on Argan trees to increase production of the oil is leading to increased damage to the trees.

Facts
Leftover Argan Seeds From Goat Droppings
Are Used To Produce Argan Oil

Tortoise

Tortoise poops through the cloaca is either solid or semi-solid. The normal feces of a tortoise consist of fecal material and is brown or greenish-brown. Tortoise feces may be mixed with urine at times and give the product a white or off-white colour.


Giraffe

A giraffe can poop from 3 to 6 times a day. Their poop is pellete-like and remarkably little for their massive size. The quantity varies between 2 to 5 pounds a day. The feces look like marbles, more similar to rabbit poop. Giraffe poop falls from a great height and scatters on impact. Apparently, it makes excellent toys.


Crocodile

Crocodile droppings were used by Ancient Egyptian women as used as contraception. Crocodile dung is slightly alkaline and therefore could have had a similar effect to modern-day spermicides, and the method could have actually worked. Medical texts were written on papyrus dating back to 1850 BC record the use of crocodile poop as a key ingredient used for reducing a woman's fertility.

Facts
Ancient Egyptian women used crocodile poop as contraception

Alligator

Alligator, a close relative of the crocodile, has feces similar to birds. Unlike mammals, the alligator usually eliminates both liquid and solid waste through the same opening called cloaca. Alligator scat, therefore, contains two portions, one is white, and the other is brownish/green, depending on the diet.


Zebra

Zebras are closely related to horses and like horses, they’re herbivores. Zebra feces contain a strain of Clostridium bacteria that can convert any form of cellulose into butanol fuel.


Vulture

The diet of Vultures is flesh of dead, rotten animals. They keep their feet clean by pooping on their own feet. Their poop has the bacteria to kill germs from the rotting flesh.


Palm Civet

It may be very difficult to believe, but the most expensive coffee is made from beans that are collected from a palm civet’s poop! It’s called kopi luwak. The coffee has an improved flavour and texture depending on selection and digestion. A civet feeds on coffee cherries for the fleshy pulp, which then ferments in the digestive tract. The cherries then are defecated along with other fecal matter. This is then collected, processed and sold.

Facts
Most Expensive Coffee Is Made From Beans That Are Collected From a Palm Civet’s Poop!

Cockroach

Cockroach feces is black in colour and looks like ground coffee or black pepper. Larger cockroaches leave black or brown droppings which are cylindrical in shape with ridges on the sides. Roach feces and saliva contain proteins and allergens that can trigger asthma attacks in some people. Scientists cite this as a reason for increased incidence of asthma in densely populated cities. Cockroaches defecate everywhere and anywhere. Although they don’t have bathrooms like humans, they are likely to defecate near their food sources and nesting or congregation areas. As they feed on food, they are more likely to contaminate human food and cause illness.


Tiger / Lion

Carnivorous or meat-eating animals such as tigers, lions, and foxes have feces that usually look very different from plant eaters. Their poop contains hair, fur, feathers, and bones, partly digested bits of the animals that they may have recently eaten. Therefore, their poop is long and untidy looking.


Vampire Bats

Vampire bats feed on blood of other animals and blood is mostly water. Their feces are also not well-formed and look like runny jam.


Rabbit

Rabbits eat plants that are very hard to digest like carrots, so many of the nutrients get excreted out of their systems. If it can’t find food, a rabbit will eat its own poop as this is very nourishing.


Otters

Giant Otters live in big family groups in the rivers of South America, have giant latrines, and involve everyone in making the toilet. An area on the riverbed is trampled upon and flattened by the otter group. After flattening the area, they poop all over it and serves as a toilet and as a message for any new otter in town to keep out.


Sloths

Sloths have very different toilet-using habits than most animals. These animals digest their food very slowly and also defecate very slowly. Sloths live alone on treetops and have to climb down to the ground to poop about once a week. They usually make their own toilet below their tree and poop out about two pounds of waste at one time. These poop piles are huge and smelly. Looking through poop helps sloths stay in touch with each other.


Bats

Poop of fruits and berry-eating animals like bats carry seeds. When these are pooped out in a new place, they sprout and grow into new trees. This easy method of reproduction and dispersal is exactly what the plant wants to propagate its species. In tropical regions, after bats have feasted on fruits, they poop, when flying over clearings in the forest. Thanks to bat poop, areas that are completely bare of plants have quickly transformed into thriving green patches.

Facts
Bats poop Reproduce New Trees

Wolverines

Wolverines are scavengers that feed on dead animals. When the animal is full, he saves the rest of the animal for later by pooping all over it. Just the right way to keep invaders away!


Dogs

Dog defecate unlike wild animals isn’t biodegrade as domesticated dogs are fed food that’s very different from the diet of wild animals. Dog waste tends to accumulate as it is slow to degrade and also contains harmful bacteria and parasites. E. coli, giardia, salmonella, roundworms, hookworms, and cryptosporidium are some of these. These can lead to spread of diseases and cause health problems.


Frog

Frog droppings are about an inch long and about the size of a U.S. quarter. Frog droppings are dark in color, and generally contain bits of insects recently eaten by the frog. Frog droppings also tend to show up in the same spots every morning as these animals will go to places where they can easily find insects to feed on.


Jacu Bird

Another exotic brew the Camocim Organic Jacu Bird Coffee is made from the droppings of Brazil's native Jacu bird. The bird's vegetarian diet and quick digestion mean that the beans remain contamination free from animal proteins and stomach acids. This imparts a delicate flavour to the coffee and an average 130lb bag of coffee fetches a whopping $3,250.

Facts
Organic Jacu Bird Coffee Made From Its Droppings

ParrotFish

The parrotfish has a funny set of teeth and looks quite silly but what its poop does isn’t so funny. Parrotfish poop creates beautiful tropical beaches with its excrement. Parrotfish feed on a coral reef, the undigested waste passes out through its digestive system and the waste is pure sand. Each year, Parrotfish produce over 200 pounds of sand, which is washed ashore, making up large parts of some lovely, tropical beaches.

Facts
Parrot Poops Is Pure Sand

Termites

Termites build homes from layers of their own poop. A certain kind of bacteria feeds on the poop and produces a compound that inhibits the growth of a fungus that could potentially harm the termite colony. Remarkably, termite poop is made of wood, after all. Termite droppings are hard and have the colour of wood or shades of brown. The droppings have six concave surfaces and rounded ends.

Facts
Termites build homes from layers of their own poop.

Penguins

Penguins are birds that also have peculiar pooping habits. These birds don’t leave their nests to defecate and instead move to the edge, with their backs outward and shoot their poop away from the nest. The expelled material comes out with some pressure and hits the ground away from the bird. It is white or pink and is about 1 cm wide.


References
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